Jeremy Woodruff, composer and music theorist, was in Istanbul paying keen attention to the sounds of chanting during a tumultuous period in which there was both vigorous protest and a nationalist counter movement after an attempted coup. He asked a question I have long wondered about: what can you tell about the motives and affect of a crowd from their chants? Is it possible to tell a crowd of hired goons from an authentically impassioned crowd? In this 23 minute audio report, he details his findings. One very telling difference between genuine protest chants and nationalist counter-protests was the presence of women in the former and their absence in the latter. I found it fascinating that the authentic protest movement repurposed some football chants, a creative act that is probably foreign to the nationalist crowd.